intersectionality as critical social theory summary

Intersectionality has become one of feminist and critical race theory’s most generative concepts. In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory, Patricia Hill Collins extends the Practicing Intersectionality in Sociological Research: A critical analysis of inclusions, interactions and institutions in the study of inequalities Recent feminist scholarship increasingly presents race, class and gender as closely intertwined and argues that these forms of … Context. [Patricia Hill Collins] -- Offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. . “Power relations shape all social relations… Even the most homogeneous communities contains considerable differences in power –those distinguishing the old from the young, women from men– the very categories of analysis that have been core to intersectionality itself.” (p. 146), Far from being neutral, these categories are used to naturalize and justify social injustice: “[Other academic frameworks believed that] the causes of social inequality often law in fundamental forces that lay outside the particulars of race, class, gender [suggesting that] social inequality was inevitable because it was hardwired into the social world, into individual nature, or into both. Aiming for diversityin general as well as gender-balance and women-friendliness in particular. In light of the recent SBC Resolution 9 fiasco. These are the vital questions that Christians need to ask before investing heavily into “intersectionality” or related frameworks. None of this is to say there are no merits to fields like critical race theory, postcolonial theory, queer theory, and other critical theories. critical stance toward categories (McCall, 2005; Joseph, 2015). Upper-division undergraduates through faculty; professionals." (1981). Social justice. The theory of those systems became known as intersectionality, a term popularized by law professor Kimberlé Crenshaw. ‘Intersectionality Undone.’ Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 10(02), 405-424. There are no right or wrong arguments, no absolute truths, only narratives or stories that are more or less relevant to the search for meaning. While the academic terminology in this excerpt might be a bit difficult for lay readers to parse, Collins elaborates on each of these ideas throughout the book. . All Rights Reserved. Intersectionality is a feminist theory, a methodology for research, and a springboard for a social justice action agenda. Instead, intersectionality points to the workings of power relations in producing social inequalities and the social problems they engender.” (p. 46), Third, our membership in either dominant or subordinate social groups will shape our experiences. I think it’s safe to say that as responsible Christians who love the Gospel and the church, we need to start protecting God’s sheep by steering them away from people who refuse to sign the Statement on Social Justice and the Gospel due to their aggressive promotion of Critical Race Theory and Intersectionality. Intersectionality is not simply a field of study to be mastered or an analytical strategy for understanding; rather, intersectionality as critical praxis sheds light on the doing of social justice work. In Collins’ mind, one of the main ways that we can resist oppression is by calling into question truth claims which support social inequalities: viewing intersectionality as a resistant knowledge project highlights the political dimensions of knowledge. (p. 10), For people penalized by colonialism, patriarchy, racism, nationalism, and similar systems of power, experiences with oppression are often the catalyst for critically analyzing these systems. In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory Patricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. This understanding of intersectionality makes far broader claims, claims that attempt to establish strong connections between privilege, oppression, identity, and social existence. . While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary social issues, Collins notes that it has yet to reach its full potential as a critical social theory. ‎In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory Patricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality’s capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. Both books approach intersectionality less as a list of group memberships to be combined analyti-cally than as an ongoing struggle to over-come naturalized categories that seem to hold fixed social positions. A key summary of the four “guiding premises” of intersectionality is found in Table 1.1: (1) Race, class, gender, and similar systems of power are interdependent and mutually construct one another. The ideas behind intersectional feminism existed long before the term was coined. Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory explains why critical social theory matters in the real world and how intersectionality can achieve its potential as a tool for social action needed to transform the world for the better. Given the book’s title, Collins understandably begins by discussing the nature of intersectionality (“Chapter 1 – Intersectionality as Critical Inquiry”). She introduced the concept in 1989. What is justice? The intersectionality with which these authors are concerned is both a political and an intellectual project. Similarly, “[at] its heart, intersectionality is a set of ideas that is critical of the established social world“, (p. 53) and “Vivian May contends [that intersectionality is] ‘a form of resistant knowledge developed to unsettle conventional mindsets, challenge oppressive power, think through the full architecture of structural inequalities and asymmetrical life opportunities, ad seek a more just world'” (p. 119). Intersectionality as Critical Inquiry and Critical Praxis . Other projects may carry the mantle of critical social theory, as in the case of postmodernism and poststructuralism, yet they might be more wedded to criticizing society than to reforming or transforming it. While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary… . Get this from a library! While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary social issues, Collins notes that it has yet to reach its full potential as a critical social theory. Intersectionality rejects these notions that normalize inequality by depicting it as natural and inevitable. For Christians interacting with the concept of ‘intersectionality’, two warnings are in order. Constructionist approaches to social inquiry reject the notion that interpretation and meaning can be objectively understood (Atewologun, 2011). WHEREAS, Critical Race Theory and intersectionality alone are insufficient to diagnose and redress the root causes of the social ills that they identify, which result from sin, yet these analytical tools can aid in evaluating a variety of human experiences, and European Journal of Social Theory 0 10.1177/1368431020913403 Download Citation. That said, her rejection of “Western epistemologies”, her suspicion of ‘dominant knowledges’ and her eagerness to deconstruct taken-for-granted truths should give Christians pause. Intersectionality is manifested in a number of critical social theories, with its most robust expression articulated in feminist theory. First, a “defining feature of intersectionality” is “[t]he premise that race, gender, class, and other systems of power mutual construct one another now functions as a taken-for-granted truism within intersectionality” (p. 16) In other words, an analysis will be incomplete if it examines only class, or only gender, or only race without probing how these attributes interact. Thus, the contribution of intersectionality lies not only in drawing attention to multiple forms of oppression but also in challenging the idea of homogeneous and essential social identities, categories or labels (Anthias, 2012). These categories– and still others– can be separate disadvantaging factors… The article explores the utility of intersectionality as an aspect of critical race theory (CRT) in education. Intersectionality is a useful concept that conveys the idea that identity is connected to social groups. . . . As was the case for intersectional scholarship, the types of actions that characterize intersectionality as critical … Practicing Intersectionality in Sociological Research: A critical analysis of inclusions, interactions and institutions in the study of inequalities Recent feminist scholarship increasingly presents race, class and gender as closely intertwined and argues that these forms of … Just because you are female, or disabled, or a person of colour, or have a certain body type (overweight, underweight, average) does not mean that your experiences of sexism, ableism or racism or sizeism are an exact match for experiences of other kinds of oppression (or even exactly like sexism, ableism or racism for s… Collins and Bilge begin with the following working definition: “Intersectionality is a way of understanding and analyzing the complexity in the world, in people, and in human experiences.” The authors, however, are concerned with just one manifestation of human complexity. . However, I wish Collins had engaged in more careful reflection on the basic philosophical assumptions implicit in her entire project: Can we know truth? The final branch formulates intersectionality as a critical praxis to determine how social justice initiatives can use intersectionality to bring about social change. “Intersectionality itself can be seen as a knowledge project of resistance, one in which critical analysis underpins its intellectual resistance” (p. 10). Book review: Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory. [and] gives hope that collective social action has the potential to affect democratic change even under conditions of multiple oppressions." The following are a few helpful resources for understanding and evaluating CRT/I. © 2019 Duke University Press. Marxist social theory, the Critical Theory of the Frankfurt school, existentialism, liberation theory, and British cultural studies all have a critical impetus at their core. We also find scattered quotes that hint at the nature of what makes a social theory ‘critical’: critical social theory is a particular form of intellectual resistance. In contrast, I use the phrase critical social theory to refer to range [sic] of theoretical projects that self-define or might be classified as critical.” (p. 56). Critical Theory Of Intersectionality 732 Words 3 Pages There are many interpretations of intersectionality, but without a doubt, the critical theory of intersectionality is based on the understanding that oppressive institutions within society take different forms for specific cultural and social positions of individuals and groups. Here she continues to be at her very best, asking the thorny questions that those of us who are scholars and practitioners of intersectionality often avoid. — Anna Amelina & Jana Schäfer, Ethnic and Racial Studies, "Highly recommended. The fundamental difference in focus between the fields of sociology and psychology, notably between discriminatory processes and cognitive processes, has limited attempts to consider intersectionality and Social Identity Theory (SIT) together. Patricia Hill Collins is a professor emerita of sociology, a co-author of Intersectionality, and an editor of the influential anthology Race, Class, and Gender. Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory, Association for Middle East Women's Studies, Labor and Working-Class History Association. Intersectionality refers to the simultaneous experience of categorical and hierarchical classifications including but not limited to race, class, gender, sexuality, and nationality. Second, many of Collins’ statements about “Western epistemologies” border on outright relativism: Theorizing about philosophical topics such as democracy, inequality, freedom, social justice and love stems from efforts to make sense of human life and experience. In summary, Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory is a useful book for those interested in cutting-edge ‘intersectional’ scholarship. Social change. Critical race theory (CRT) is a school of thought meant to emphasize the effects of race on one's social standing. It starts from the premise that people live multiple, layered identities derived from social relations, history and the operation of structures of power. Shaonta’ Allen. Critical race theory (CRT), the view that the law and legal institutions are inherently racist and that race itself, instead of being biologically grounded and natural, is a socially constructed concept that is used by white people to further their economic and political interests at the expense of people of colour. Drawing on research with Black middle-class parents in England, the article explores t... Intersectionality, Critical Race Theory, and the Primacy of Racism: Race, Class, Gender, and Disability in Education - David Gillborn, 2015 Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic, authors of Critical Race Theory: An Introduction, define intersectionality as: “…the examination of race, sex, class, national origin, and sexual orientation and how their combination plays out in various settings. . Christians should be mindful of how our cultural context can cloud our interpretation of Scripture. Intersectionality is a critical framework or approach that provides the mindset and language to examine interconnections and interdependencies between social categories and systems. Intersectionality is well on its way to becoming a critical social theory that can address con temporary social prob lems and the social changes needed to solve them. (p. 145), Critical theoretical projects resist and criticize not just the intellectual and political arrangements that accompany specific forms of domination, but also how dominant epistemologies make these structures of knowledge notoriously difficult to upend. While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary social issues, Collins notes that it has yet to reach its full potential as a cri How we come to believe in what we see as true is just as important as the substance of the ideas that we take as true. Collins and Bilge begin with the following working definition: “Intersectionality is a way of understanding and analyzing the complexity in the world, in people, and in human experiences.” The authors, however, are concerned with just one manifestation of human complexity. Intersectionality as critical social theory. Intersectionality as Critical Inquiry and Critical Praxis . Intersectionality (Sociology) Critical theory. Despite this general consensus, definitions of what counts as intersectionality are far from clear. The Summer 2013 issue of Signs, Intersectionality: Theorizing Power, Empowering Theory, guest edited by Sumi Cho, Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, and Leslie McCall, provides a timely and critical assessment of this pathbreaking concept. But it can do so only if its practitioners simultaneously under- stand and cultivate intersectionality as a criticalsocial theory. Intersectionality is manifested in a number of critical social theories, with its most robust expression articulated in feminist theory. While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary social issues, Collins notes that it has yet to reach its full potential as a critical social theory. Intersectionality as a field of study looks at the relationships among different forms of oppressions, and highlights the importance of understanding and acting against their collective and interactive effects. Christian apologetics from a homeschooling theoretical chemist. Thus, in order to fully understand the racialization of oppressed groups, one must investigate the ways in whic… The Intersectional Approach . Naturalization Whatever the form of oppression they experience —race, class, gender, sexuality, age, ability, ethnicity, and nation— subordinate groups have a vested interest in resisting it. Patricia Hill Collins is Distinguished University Professor Emerita of Sociology at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the author of numerous books, most recently, Intersectionality (with Sirma Bilge) and On Intellectual Activism. These ideologies are incompatible with the authority and sufficiency of God’s Word and therefore with the gospel that the Word reveals. Intersectional Pedagogy emerges from Intersectionality, a formal theoretical framework developed by Kimberlé W. Crenshaw, American civil rights advocate and leading critical race theory scholar.Intersectionality starts from the premise that people live multiple, layered identities derived from social relations, history and structures of power (AWID 2004). Critical Theory Of Intersectionality 732 Words 3 Pages There are many interpretations of intersectionality, but without a doubt, the critical theory of intersectionality is based on the understanding that oppressive institutions within society take different forms for specific cultural and social positions of individuals and groups. Collins does not provide any concise or clear definition of “critical social theory” throughout the book, even though Chapter 2 is entitled “What’s Critical about Critical Social Theory?”, Collins rejects the idea that ‘critical social theory’ is equivalent to the Frankfurt School: “I [capitalize] Critical Theory to distinguish the specific discourse of the Frankfurt school as a specific school of thought. As Doug Meyer describes in the Gender and Society journal, “The theory of Intersectionality also suggests that discrete forms and expressions of oppression actually shape, and are shaped by, one another. has the potential to provide critical guidance for policies and programmes. Summary: Offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. Sociologist Patricia Hill Collins developed and explained the concept of intersectionality in her groundbreaking book, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment, published in 1990.Today intersectionality is a mainstay concept of critical race studies, feminist studies, queer studies, the sociology of … (p. 5), resistant knowledge traditions… aim to address the deep-seated concerns of people who are subordinated [by] racism, sexism, capitalism, colonialism, and similar systems of political domination and economic exploitation. critical stance toward categories (McCall, 2005; Joseph, 2015). The term intersectionality references the critical insight that race, class, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, nation, ability, and age operate not as unitary, mutually exclusive entities, but rather as reciprocally constructing phenomena. Finally, if intersectionality is a necessary component of social analysis and we recognize that social inequalities are unjust, then the fourth principle follows: dismantling injustice requires intersectionality. ways of knowing truth) tend to undervalue experience, “resistant knowledge projects” produced by subordinated people (women, people of color, LGBTQ+ people, etc…) will use their lived experiences to produce knowledge that resists their oppression: “Tools of epistemic resistance used by subordinated people –namely, testimonial authority, identity politics, and standpoint epistemology– all rest on implicit assumptions about the utility of experience for producing knowledge.” (p. 157). As was the case for intersectional scholarship, the types of actions that characterize intersectionality as critical … Intersectionality is relevant for researchers and for practitioners because it en­ The critical race scholar who references postmodernism most explicitly in her work and who most clearly advocates for a more politicized and actionable use of it is Kimberlé Crenshaw, a founder of critical race Theory and the progenitor of the concept of intersectionality. It certainly provides a good overview of historical antecedents of intersectionality, its adopting by disciplines like critical race theory, queer theory, and feminism, and its basic outlook on social problems. Intersectionality is not simply a field of study to be mastered or an analytical strategy for understanding; rather, intersectionality as critical praxis sheds light on the doing of social justice work. Critical race theory (CRT), the view that the law and legal institutions are inherently racist and that race itself, instead of being biologically grounded and natural, is a socially constructed concept that is used by white people to further their economic and political interests at the expense of people of colour. ‘Gender, Black Feminism, and Black Political Economy.’ The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 568(1), 41-53. hooks, b. (2) Intersecting power relations produce complex, interdependent social inequalities of race, class, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, ability, and age. Just as critical race theory as a resistant knowledge project aspires to resist racism, intersectionality as a knowledge projects may aspire to resist the social inequalities within intersecting systems of power. (p. 51-52; see also p. 243), Truth is not an absolute. In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory, Patricia Hill Collins presents intersectionality’s cognitive architecture as including multiple … Because intersectionality encompasses both social sciences and humanities, it can be conceptualized alternatively as a social theory that guides the search for truth and as a social theory that guides the search for social meaning. Written By Steve Langella. (p. 12), Despite being familiar with oppressions of race, gender, class, and sexuality, Beauvoir never advanced an intersectional analysis of oppression or freedom. So those who promote the use of Critical Race Theory and Intersectionality are standing against what the Word of God teaches about the nature of humanity, sin, righteousness and grace. First is a visualization of the concept of intersection: “Intersectionality is what occurs when a woman from a minority group . Despite laying out these four guiding premises, Collins cautions that intersectionality is a nebulous term, open to many different conceptualizations:”[i]ntersectionality has not yet crystallized into a canon with founding figures, a coherent narrative of its point of origin, and a list of its core tenets.” (p. 185), If developing a precise definition of ‘intersectionality’  is challenging, developing a precise definition of ‘critical social theory’ is even more difficult. But we cannot assent to a wholesale postmodern deconstruction of truth-claims, nor should we assume that ‘truth’ must always bend to our ideas of ‘social justice.’ As Christians, we believe that God has spoken truth clearly and definitively in Scripture and that these truths can be understood by all people in all cultures, regardless of their social location. In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory Patricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. Collins reminds us what it looks like to use ideas in service of freedom projects, demanding at every turn that we do it with integrity, rigor, and a critical attention to the high stakes nature of social justice work. has the potential to provide critical guidance for policies and programmes. Thoughts on SBC19 Resolution #9 on Critical Race Theory and Intersectionality. Philosophy / Movements / Critical Theory For example, European scientists might “discover” that non-Europeans are less intelligent than Europeans, thereby justifying European imperialism. Yet one of Collins’ final comments on the nature of critical social theory is probably the most relevant: “The meaning of critical social theory is far from settled.” (p. 275). I will first bring together the quotes that expresses the main propositions of the theory. Intersectionality is a theoretical framework for understanding how aspects of a person's social and political identities combine to create different modes of discrimination and privilege.Examples of these aspects are gender, caste, sex, race, class, sexuality, religion, disability, physical appearance, and height. . of the social determinants of health perspectives.” Sen and colleagues (2009) acknowledge this shift: In addition to the obvious benefit of deepening our insights into social inequalities and how they interact, the study of intersectionality . Leatherleaf Mahonia For Sale, Buko Salad Recipe, Manufacturing Graduate Scheme, Types Of Sensation, Lokesh Name Astrology, Davis Guitar Mall Price, Active Traders Hackerrank Solution In Java, Do Dogs Dream In Color,

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